BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT NEWBORN SCREENING
What is newborn screening?
Newborn Screening (NBS) is a simple procedure to find out if your baby has a congenital metabolic disorder that may lead to mental retardation or even death if left untreated.
Why is it important to have newborn screening?
Most babies with metabolic disorders look "normal" at birth. By doing NBS, metabolic disorders may be detected even before clinical signs and symptoms are present. And as a result of this, treatment can be given early to prevent consequences of untreated conditions.
When is newborn screening done?
Newborn screening is ideally done immediately after 24 hours from birth.
How is newborn screening done?
A few drops of blood are taken from the baby's heel, blotted on a special absorbent filter card and then sent to Newborn Screening Center (NSC).
Who will collect the sample for newborn screening
The blood sample for NBS may be collected by any of the following: physician, nurse, medical technologist or trained midwife.
How much is the fee for newborn screening?
P550. The DOH Advisory Committee on Newborn Screening has approved a maximum allowable fee of P50 for the collection of the sample. Newborn Screening is now included in the Philhealth Newborn Care Package.
Where is newborn screening available?
Newborn screening is available in Hospitals, Lying-ins, Rural Health Unit, Health Centers and some private clinics. If babies are delivered at home, babies may be brought to the nearest institution offering newborn screening.
When are newborn screening results available?
Results can be claimed from the health facility where NBS was availed. Normal NBS Results are available by 7 - 14Â working days from the timeÂ samples are received at the NSC.
Positive NBS results are relayed to the parents immediately by the health facility. Please ensure that the address and phone number you will provide to the health facility are correct.
A NEGATIVE SCREEN MEANS THAT THE NBS RESULT IS NORMAL.
A positive screen means that the newborn must be brought back to his/her health practitioner for further testing.
What should be done when a baby is tested a positive NBS result?
Babies with positive results must be referred at once to a specialist for confirmatory testing and further management. Should there be no specialist in the area, the NBS secretariat office will assist its attending physician.
What are the disorders tested for newborn screening?
The disorders tested for newborn screening are:
(1) Congenital Hypothyroidism (CH)
(2) Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH)
(3) Galactosemia (GAL)
(4) Phenylketonuria (PKU)
(5) Glucose-6-Phosphate-Dehydrogenase Deficiency (G6PD Def.)
(6) Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD)
Why screen your baby?
CLICK HERE FOR TRANSLATIONS INÂ FILIPINO, CEBUANO, HILIGAYNON AND ILOCANO